Cardiovascular diseases are all those which involve the heart and the circulation system. Main forms of this disease in Australia are coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Behavioural factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, physical inactivity, obesity and excessive alcohol use contribute significantly to the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more deaths and more health expenditure than any other disease or injury group in Australia. In 2014/2015, close to three per cent of the population reported having a long-term CHD condition, accounting for 620,000 Australians.

Heart Foundation